Daughter of the king of Lydia, Tantalus, Niobe is reputed to have brought many children into the world, the Niobids. Vanityous, she dared to mock the goddess Leto, who had given birth to only two children, Apollo and Artemis. The revenge was terrible for the latter were charged by their mother to kill the Niobids. It is said that one of the girls, saved by her mother, escaped the massacre, but she retained a deadly pallor: it is this scene which is represented here in this alabaster sculpture of extreme whiteness.
This statue is realized after the original greek statue known thanks to the roman copy kept in the Uffizi Musem in Firenze, Italy.